Additives are commonly supplemented to food as they for example extend shelf life, replace or restore colour or give food a sweet taste without use of beet sugar. Additives used in each product shall be declared on its packaging. Each additive must be stated by its full name or an international E code in a descending sequence according to the amount contained in the food.  All states of the European Union use the same E code numbering system.  On food labels must be in addition to the name or code of E given the name of the category to which the additive belongs. Some additives fall by purpose into more than one category.

Code Material Categories CEFF approved
E 100 Curcumin colours Yes Yes
E 101 Riboflavin, Riboflavin-5'-phosphate colours Yes Yes
E 102 Tartrazine colours No No
E 104 Quinoline yellow colours No No
E 110 Sunset Yellow FCF,Orange Yellow S colours No No
E 120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines colours Yes Yes
E 122 Azorubine, Carmoisine colours No No
E 123 Amaranth colours No No
E 124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A colours No No
E 127 Erythrosine colours No No
E 129 Allura Red AC colours No No
E 131 Patent Blue V colours No No
E 132 lndigotine, Indigo Carmine colours No No
E 133 Brilliant Blue FCF colours No No
E 140 Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins colours Yes Yes
E 141 Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins colours Yes Yes
E 150 d Sulphite ammonia caramel colours Yes Yes
E 142 Green S colours No No
E 151 Brilliant Black BN; Black PN colours No No
E 153 Vegetable carbon colours Yes Yes